February 23, 2024

A brand new report from ENISA, the European Union Company for Cybersecurity, cyberattacks focusing on the European transport community over a interval of just about two years, has recognized that ransomware has change into the outstanding risk.

ENISA’s report, its first ever evaluation of the myriad of cybersecurity threats going through the transport sector within the EU, mapped and studied cyber incidents focusing on aviation, maritime, railway, and highway transport between January 2021 and October 2022.

Throughout this era, the three main threats recognized have been:

  • ransomware assaults (38%)
  • data-related threats (30%)
  • malware (17%)
  • denial-of-service assaults (16%)
  • phishing/spear-phishing (10%)
  • supply-chain assaults (10%)

What is especially attention-grabbing is to notice how threats seem to have modified between 2021 and 2022, with a dramatic rise within the proportion of ransomware assaults focusing on the transport sector rising from 13% to 25%, and denial-of-service assaults exploding from 2% in 2021 to 13% in 2022.

The rise in denial-of-service assaults – with European airports and railway firms being hit at an growing fee – is claimed by ENISA to be most certainly linked to hacktivists, a lot of it seemingly in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Such assaults typically result in operational disruption, stopping members of the general public from travelling or disrupting the motion of products.

In the meantime, data-related threats (similar to breaches and knowledge leaks, which regularly contain login credentials, worker and buyer knowledge, in addition to mental property) declined as a proportion when in comparison with ransomware, falling from 21% in 2021 to 9% in 2022.

It must be famous that ENISA’s report solely examines these cybersecurity incidents which have been reported to it. The writers of the report admits that “we nonetheless have restricted data and data concerning such incidents. The evaluation on this report signifies that publicly disclosed incidents are simply the tip of the iceberg.”

2024 will see a brand new European directive (NIS2) that may name upon member states to spice up their cybersecurity throughout all trade sectors, enhance their reporting of assaults, and compel international locations to assemble efficient response groups as a part of a wider effort to enhance defences in opposition to state and non-state actors.


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